Sponge Guide

UNCW National Science Foundation Valdosta State University Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Observed Characteristics:


  • gray
  • yellow
  • cream


  • lobate
  • tube


  • tough

Sample Locations:

  • Bahamas
  • Colombia

Plakinastrella onkodes

Notes: Cream-gray to yellow lobes with a top oscule, to high, thick-walled tubes. It may also be cushion-shaped with scattered, slightly elevated oscules. Consistency tough. There is geographic variation in megasclere spicule calthrops size, being larger and stouter in the Southern Caribbean. There are several new Plakinastrella recently described from Brazil (Moraes & Muricy, 2003; Domingos et al., 2013) that need to be compared in detail with this species.

Author Reference: Uliczka, 1929


Link: World Porifera Database