Sponge Guide

UNCW National Science Foundation Valdosta State University Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Frequently Asked Questions

Every image in the Sponge Guide is grouped by the scientific name and a set of physical characteristics. The physical characteristics used are:
Note that a single sponge may have multiple colors and a single species can exhibit different morphologies.
The physical characteristics for both the species and the specific photograph are listed on the corresponding Species information page or Image Attributes page.
By clicking on the “Find a Sponge!” tab on the right, you will see search boxes that allow you to search by either physical characteristics or by typing in a genus or species name into the text box.
For a more detailed search, click on Search at the top menu. The search box over the species list will search not only the names and characteristics, but also the species notes and author list. Go ahead and try it!
Every sponge photographed was examined by Prof. Sven Zea of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
Species names were determined from the physical characteristics of the sponge and by inspecting the skeleton under the microscope. This may include the three-dimensional arrangement of the organic fibers and the spicules, microscopic skeletal elements that are made of silica or calcium carbonate. To confirm the identity of each species, spicules and fibers were directly examined for at least one individual.
Taxonomic references were used and are presented for each identified species.
A complete list of references used can be found here.
In addition to names and characteristics of sponges, we have also cataloged:
Most images in the Sponge Guide are from coral reefs around the Bahamas Islands, but images and species from other areas of the Caribbean (Florida, Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Panama, Belize) are being added. Site names are provided for each image.
While our best attempt has been made to identify each image, the exact scientific classification of some images is unclear, and these are denoted with a “?”, either at the genus or species-level. We often use nick-names for these to help identify them for future studies.
Yes! Images are free to use for educational and instructional purposes. Photo credits are provided on each image, and we ask that you reference the photographer and spongeguide.org.
Images cannot be used for commercial purposes. Anyone who would like to use images for commercial uses or in a publication should contact spongeguide@gmail.com
Data used from the Sponge Guide can be referenced as:
Zea, S., Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2024. The Sponge Guide: a picture guide to Caribbean sponges. 4th Edition. Available online at www.spongeguide.org. Accessed on: 2024-06-18 .
 

Frequently Asked Questions

Every image in the Sponge Guide is grouped by the scientific name and a set of physical characteristics. The physical characteristics used are:
Note that a single sponge may have multiple colors and a single species can exhibit different morphologies.
The physical characteristics for both the species and the specific photograph are listed on the corresponding Species information page or Image Attributes page.
By clicking on the “Find a Sponge!” tab on the right, you will see search boxes that allow you to search by either physical characteristics or by typing in a genus or species name into the text box.
For a more detailed search, click on Search at the top menu. The search box over the species list will search not only the names and characteristics, but also the species notes and author list. Go ahead and try it!
Every sponge photographed was examined by Prof. Sven Zea of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
Species names were determined from the physical characteristics of the sponge and by inspecting the skeleton under the microscope. This may include the three-dimensional arrangement of the organic fibers and the spicules, microscopic skeletal elements that are made of silica or calcium carbonate. To confirm the identity of each species, spicules and fibers were directly examined for at least one individual.
Taxonomic references were used and are presented for each identified species.
A complete list of references used can be found here.
In addition to names and characteristics of sponges, we have also cataloged:
Most images in the Sponge Guide are from coral reefs around the Bahamas Islands, but images and species from other areas of the Caribbean (Florida, Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Panama, Belize) are being added. Site names are provided for each image.
While our best attempt has been made to identify each image, the exact scientific classification of some images is unclear, and these are denoted with a “?”, either at the genus or species-level. We often use nick-names for these to help identify them for future studies.
Yes! Images are free to use for educational and instructional purposes. Photo credits are provided on each image, and we ask that you reference the photographer and spongeguide.org.
Images cannot be used for commercial purposes. Anyone who would like to use images for commercial uses or in a publication should contact spongeguide@gmail.com
Data used from the Sponge Guide can be referenced as:
Zea, S., Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014. The Sponge Guide: a picture guide to Caribbean sponges. 3rd Edition. Available online at www.spongeguide.org. Accessed on: 2023-08-16 .
 

How are images in the Sponge Guide arranged?

Every image in the Sponge Guide is grouped by the scientific name and a set of physical characteristics. The physical characteristics used are:
Note that a single sponge may have multiple colors and a single species can exhibit different morphologies.
The physical characteristics for both the species and the specific photograph are listed on the corresponding Species information page or Image Attributes page.

How can I search for an image of a sponge?

By clicking on the “Find a Sponge!” tab on the right, you will see search boxes that allow you to search by either physical characteristics or by typing in a genus or species name into the text box.
For a more detailed search, click on Search at the top menu. The search box over the species list will search not only the names and characteristics, but also the species notes and author list. Go ahead and try it!

How did you determine the species name for each sponge that was photographed?

Every sponge photographed was examined by Prof. Sven Zea of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
Species names were determined from the physical characteristics of the sponge and by inspecting the skeleton under the microscope. This may include the three-dimensional arrangement of the organic fibers and the spicules, microscopic skeletal elements that are made of silica or calcium carbonate. To confirm the identity of each species, spicules and fibers were directly examined for at least one individual.
Taxonomic references were used and are presented for each identified species.
A complete list of references used can be found here.

What other type of information is in the Sponge Guide?

In addition to names and characteristics of sponges, we have also cataloged:

Where were the images taken?

Most images in the Sponge Guide are from coral reefs around the Bahamas Islands, but images and species from other areas of the Caribbean (Florida, Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Panama, Belize) are being added. Site names are provided for each image.

Why are there question marks (?) after some names?

While our best attempt has been made to identify each image, the exact scientific classification of some images is unclear, and these are denoted with a “?”, either at the genus or species-level. We often use nick-names for these to help identify them for future studies.

Can I use an image in a presentation or lecture?

Yes! Images are free to use for educational and instructional purposes. Photo credits are provided on each image, and we ask that you reference the photographer and spongeguide.org.
Images cannot be used for commercial purposes. Anyone who would like to use images for commercial uses or in a publication should contact spongeguide@gmail.com

How can I reference the Sponge Guide?

Data used from the Sponge Guide can be referenced as:
Zea, S., Henkel, T.P., and Pawlik, J.R. 2014. The Sponge Guide: a picture guide to Caribbean sponges. 3rd Edition. Available online at www.spongeguide.org. Accessed on: 2024-06-18 .