UNCW National Science Foundation Valdosta State University Universidad Nacional de Colombia The Sponge Guide

 

Notes: Also known from the Bahamas as Iotrochota atra Rützler, Maldonado, Piantoni and Riesgo, 2007. Deep purple to black, repent to erect, single or divided branches. Skin often with parrot green tinges; upon manipulation, the skin retracts; it stains the fingers deep purple, releasing mucus. Oscules aligned usually on top of branches, may be slightly elevated. Sometimes found as clusters of tubes with top oscules. Fully encrusting deep reef wall specimens with vividly colored skin are tentatively assigned to this species instead of to I. arenosa in lieu of their color and lack of sand accumulation characteristic of the latter; also, because in mid-depth reef caves branching specimens may have wide encrusting bases; further detailed comparisons of spicules are pending. Rützler et al. (2007) decided that the material from The Bahamas, lacking birotulate microsclere spicules and style megasclere spicules, should be a different species which they named I. atra (Whitfield, 1901). But since its encrusting counterpart, I. arenosa, also lack birotules and styles in the Bahamas, we feel it to be the result of a regional condition (of low silicon content?) that affects both species.
 
Author Reference: (Higgin, 1877)
 
Link: World Porifera Database
 
Color:
black
green
yellow
Morphology:
branching
bushy
encrusting
tube
Consistency:
soft
tough
Locations:
Bahamas - Cat Cays - Bimini
Bahamas - Goulding Cay, New Providence
Bahamas - Little San Salvador
Bahamas - Northern Exuma Cays
Bahamas - Plana Cays
Bahamas - San Salvador
Bahamas - Stirrups Cays, N Berry Islands
Bahamas - Sweetings Cay
United States - Florida Keys

  

 

 

Images of Iotrochota birotulata :

Enter Genus and/or species name:

 

 

Advanced Search:
Loading